F.R.A. – Floating Responsive Agriculture.
Architects from Barcelona, Spain, have designed a system of floating vertical farms that could give the opportunity to Singapore and other densely populated countries to produce their own food.
Having a population density of nearly 20,000 people per square mile, Singapore is one of the densest countries in the world. With the territory of just 716 square kilometers (276 square miles), Singapore does not have enough land for agricultural production and is compelled to import more than 90% of its food from other countries.
“The world population is predicted to grow from 6.9 billion in 2010 to 8.3 billion in 2030 and to 9.1 billion in 2050. By 2030, food demand is predicted to increase by 50% (70% by 2050). The main challenge facing the agricultural sector is not so much growing 70% more food in 40 years, but making 70% more food available on the plate.” – United Nations
The proposal addresses the pressing issue of global food security. Imports are almost the only source of food supply to Singapore which represents aprox. the 90%. Singapore limited land availability (land scarce), a dense nation, land premium prices and fast growing are some issues which led the architects propose Singapore as a testing spot for Floating Responsive Agriculture, aka “F.R.A”. Inspired by Singapore’s Floating Fish Farms of Jurong’s Fishery Port, the Spanish architects aim to create a territorial network of Vertical infrastructures located close to the city areas which can produce local quality controlled food based on the cities real-time Food consumption data analisys.
“We propose a change from a consumer-Importer city to a Self-Productive City.”
The multidisciplinary office from Barcelona aim to integrate technology and internet protocols with food consumption to produce exactly the amount and type of crops people need, also reducing food waste. The information layer system will inform a series of CPD’s (Crop Production Devices) localized on Singapore’s water perimeter about the food supply demands according to established protocols and logics.
– Limited land availability(land scarce) and land premium prices
– Singapore as a small sovereign city state has food security issues which the project can help reduce
– Avoid such an amount of imports (+plus guarantee local food quality control)
– Singapore:strong government with clear long-term vision and strategies (forward-thinking)
– Towards Self-sufficiency / environmental sustainability – maximize resources
– Singapore fast growing pace
Third Award winner of Re-thinking the Future RTF Awards 2014, New Delhi , India
Award Category: Urban Design-Smart City Award
2nd Prize, 5th Advanced Architecture Contest “Self Sufficient Habitat”- IaaC-HP, Barcelona